This article was medically reviewed by Mark Ziats, MD, PhD. Dr. Ziats is an Internal Medicine Physician, Researcher, and Entrepreneur in biotechnology. He received his PhD in Genetics from the University of Cambridge in 2014, and completed his MD shortly thereafter, at Baylor College of Medicine in 2015.
There are 18 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page.
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Is it your imagination, or is it starting to look thinner up top? What's all that hair doing in the drain filter? You used to look like one of the Beatles during their heyday and now it looks like you can actually see your scalp! Hair thinning is common, as well as patterns of baldness. There are different kinds of baldness, and there are some clear signs that you may be going bald. Don't worry though — there are ways to treat and manage baldness if you identify you are balding.
Part 1Part 1 of 2:Evaluating Hair Loss
- 1Take a good hard look at your head in the mirror. Just because you see hair on your pillow or in the shower drain, doesn't mean you're going bald. Look at the hair on your head. Receding hair lines may be a sign you're "going bald." Patchy hair loss may be associated with other causes. It is important to fully evaluate these other possible causes, as hair loss can be indicators of other health problems.
- 2Understand that you're always shedding hair. Most people lose anywhere from 50 to 100 hairs a day. If you're concerned because you've recently been noticing your hair falling out, this information can be comforting. Know that there are many reasons for hair loss.
- Evaluate your situation. Hair loss can have one or more contributing factors. The most common factors are age and genetics. If you have hit puberty, and your hair is gradually but steadily thinning, this is perfectly normal.
- The most common reason for hair loss is genetics. Patterns of baldness in your family may be a good indicator as to whether or not you are going bald yourself.XTrustworthy SourceMayo ClinicEducational website from one of the world's leading hospitalsGo to source
- 95% of hair loss in men is male-pattern baldness.XResearch source
- 40% of men have noticeable hair loss by age 35.XResearch source
- Most baldness in women occurs after menopause.XResearch source
- Half of men over the age of fifty experience some sort of hair loss.XResearch source
- 3Gauge your levels of stress.Stress can cause hair loss both directly and indirectly, via a variety of biological mechanisms. Taking control of your stress levels will help you to reduce related hair loss. Unchecked, this level of stress is a threat to your health. This doesn't pertain to little stressors in life; it refers to things that make you lose sleep, or cause big changes in appetite.XResearch source Try activities such as meditation, jogging, team sports, or yoga to help you manage stress.
- One common cause of baldness is the level of testosterone in the body, which can be dictated by your genetics and stress.XResearch source Try stress-relieving activities, or spend more quality time with your family. Stress releasing activities have shown a decrease in speed of the balding process.
- Shock is another factor that can lead to hair loss. Your body is not a series of separate parts stuck together. If you've suffered a traumatic event in the recent past, such as sudden change in lifestyle, a death in the family, or loss of an important job, suffering hair loss a few months later is normal.XTrustworthy SourceDermNet NZOnline clinical resource website written and run by dermatologists providing evidence-based information about dermatology and skin healthGo to source
- Oxidative stress, caused by your body's exposure to free radicals, has been shown to contribute to hair loss.XTrustworthy SourcePubMed CentralJournal archive from the U.S. National Institutes of HealthGo to source Antioxidants such as those found in a variety of foods, such as blueberries, acai, and green tea can help to minimize this kind of stress on your body.
- 4Stop self-inflicted hair loss. Don't abuse your hair. Some causes of hair loss are self-inflicted. A variety of styles and treatments for hair can cause serious damage to your hair and scalp. Take extra care not to induce baldness in the pursuit of fashion.
- Hair that's put up too tightly can slowly be pulled from the roots. If you like pigtails or tightly-braided hair, try relaxing the binding a little. This will help to reduce tension on the roots. Hair loss of this kind is called traction alopecia.
- Over-use of hair treatments, dyes, and permanents can leave your hair brittle, fragile, and eventually they can lead to hair loss.
- 5Look for other bodily changes that may indicate hormonal changes. Hair loss may not be related to hereditary baldness patterns. It can also be caused by hormonal factors. A doctor can help you to evaluate your levels of hormones.
- Typical male-pattern baldness or female-pattern baldness is caused by sex hormones that trigger a permanent pattern of hair loss.
- Other hormonal factors that can cause temporary hair loss are those brought on by pregnancy, childbirth, menopause, or discontinuing birth control pills.XResearch source
- 6Look for other conditions. There are also medical factors that can trigger hair loss—some temporary, some permanent, depending on the type of problem and its severity.
- Thyroid problems can result in hormone imbalances that lead to hair loss.
- Alopecia areata is an immune system disorder that causes your body to attack hair follicles. If you find your hair loss in the form of smooth, round patches, this may be the cause.XTrustworthy SourceAmerican Academy of DermatologyProfessional organization made of over 20,000 certified dermatologistsGo to source
- Scalp infections such as ringworm can cause your hair to fall out, though ridding your head of infection will usually result in renewed growth.
- If you suspect any of these problems are causing your hair loss, seek a physician.
- 7Look for medicinal factors. If you're treating chronic conditions such as high blood pressure, heart problems, depression, arthritis, or cancer, prescription drugs meant to treat these conditions can cause hair loss. If you're concerned that this is the case, discuss an alternate prescription—many drugs have alternatives that have a different set of side effects.
- 8Check your diet. A diet poor in iron and protein can result in a scalp that's poor in hair coverage. Lack of proper nutrition inhibits the body's ability to function. Poor nutrient intake can directly cause hair loss. It is possible your hair loss is related to your diet and may be mediated with dietary means.XResearch source
- Eating disorders such as anorexia or bulimia can lead to hair loss.XTrustworthy SourceNational Health Service (UK)Public healthcare system of the UKGo to source
- Crash dieting is another factor in hair loss, combining poor nutrition with a form of bodily shock. Your body sees it simply as starvation.
Part 2Part 2 of 2:Treating Hair Loss
- 1Get medical help. Once you determine that you are indeed going bald, and that's it's something you have no control over, such as genetics, you can either accept your body as is or you can try to "fix" it. The efficacy of such treatments will depend on your genetics, your disposition, and your financial wherewithal. It is important to note that, while medical treatments have been shown to have some effectiveness, none of them will be able to completely reverse male pattern balding.
- Minoxidil (the active ingredient in Rogaine) is an over-the-counter solution for some types of baldness. It's had some success in slowing or even rejuvenating hair growth. However, minoxidil is only effective on hair loss on the back of the head, not on the front. Side effects include irritation and unwanted hair growth on the face.XResearch source
- Finasteride (Propecia) is a prescription medication pill taken daily for treating male-pattern baldness. Results include slowing of hair loss and some in some, new hair growth. Side effects may include depression, diminished sex drive and sexual function, and a low-but-present risk of a fast-growing prostate cancer, and is not recommended for women of child-bearing age.XTrustworthy SourceMayo ClinicEducational website from one of the world's leading hospitalsGo to source
- Hair transplants, or hair plugs, work by transplanting tiny clumps of skin, each containing a few hairs, from the back or sides of your scalp. These clumps are then plugged into the bald sections of your scalp. This won't stop balding, and may require occasional additional treatments as your hair loss progresses.XResearch source
- Scalp reduction surgically removes some of the bald skin on your head. The bald skin is removed, and the hairy scalp is moved into place.XTrustworthy SourcePubMed CentralJournal archive from the U.S. National Institutes of HealthGo to source
- 2Wear a wig. You may not want the pain of plugs or the possibility you'll maybe regrow some of your hair. You may be suffering from non-permanent hair loss if, for example, you're subject to chemotherapy treatments. There is the tried and true alternative that men and women have used for centuries: the humble wig.
- Wigs come in all shape, styles, colors, and materials. You can pick up a few cheap wigs to find out what styles and colors work for you, or you can find a custom wig maker in your area who can recreate your normal styling so that your rug looks perfectly natural.
- Human hair wigs are available, and can be exceptionally good—for an exceptional price.
- Some charitable organizations, notably Locks of LoveXResearch source, offer wigs to children with long-term or permanent hair loss. These are made of human hair, and are available to a limited number of recipients for free or for affordable prices, depending on needs. To fund the charity, they also sell wigs retail. This could be a good source if you want a human hair wig, and wish to support a charitable cause at the same time.
- 3Embrace it. Embrace baldness with bald-friendly hairstyles such as a buzzed/shaved head. Think about all the handsome and impressive people who have rocked the bald look over the years — Bruce Willis, Michael Jordan, Vin Diesel, Samuel L. Jackson, Patrick Stewart, Larry David, Jason Statham, Andre Agassi... there's a long, long list of people who have embraced their baldness and have not allowed it to hold them back. It didn't stop Sean Connery from being named People Magazine's "Sexiest Man Alive" in 1989.
- According to a study in Social Psychological and Personality Science journal, men who are completely bald were found to be more masculine, dominant, taller, and stronger than men with hair.XResearch source
Expert Q&A Did you know you can get premium answers for this article?Unlock premium answers by supporting wikiHow
- QuestionIs there any way to regrow lost hair?Courtney FosterCourtney Foster is a Licensed Cosmetologist, Certified Hair Loss Practitioner, and Cosmetology Educator based out of New York City. Courtney runs Courtney Foster Beauty, LLC and her work has been featured on The Wendy Williams Show, Good Morning America, The Today Show, The Late Show with David Letterman, and in East/West Magazine. She received her Cosmetology License from the State of New York after training at the Empire Beauty School - Manhattan.
Licensed CosmetologistLicensed CosmetologistExpert AnswerYou can promote hair growth with drugs like minoxidil (the active ingredient in Rogaine); essential oils like rosemary and black seed oil; low laser light therapy; and different surgical procedures. Your options really depend on what's causing your hair loss, so be sure to visit a dermatologist first.
- QuestionCan you prevent baldness?Courtney FosterCourtney Foster is a Licensed Cosmetologist, Certified Hair Loss Practitioner, and Cosmetology Educator based out of New York City. Courtney runs Courtney Foster Beauty, LLC and her work has been featured on The Wendy Williams Show, Good Morning America, The Today Show, The Late Show with David Letterman, and in East/West Magazine. She received her Cosmetology License from the State of New York after training at the Empire Beauty School - Manhattan.
Licensed CosmetologistLicensed CosmetologistExpert Answer
About This Article
To tell if you're going bald, examine your hair in a mirror to see if you have a receding hairline, which could be a sign that you're going bald. However, if you're losing hair in patches, it could be the result of something else, like a medical condition, stress, or a poor diet. Also, keep in mind that most people lose 50-100 strands of hair a day, so some of your hair falling out doesn't necessarily mean you're going bald. If you're not sure, you may want to talk with your doctor to see if there's an underlying cause for your hair loss. To learn how to prevent and treat hair loss, scroll down!